Here we describe some of the types and kinds of types of ovarian cysts in women.
1. functional cysts. Cysts are formed from tissue changes during the normal menstrual function. The normal cysts will shrink and disappear by itself within 2-3 menstrual cycles.
There are 2 kinds of functional cysts, namely:
A. Follicular cysts.
B. Type follicular cyst is a type most commonly found. Lutein cysts. Due to changes in hormone, follicle can be transformed into the corpus luteum and release an egg and then fertilized, then the corpus luteum degenerates (destroyed itself and absorbed by the body). This is normal. However, sometimes after the egg is released, a closed discharge hole and networks gather in it, causing the corpus luteum cyst and a. These cysts usually disappear on their own within a few weeks, but these cysts can grow to a diameter of 4 inches (10 cm) and has the potential to bleed itself or urgent ovaries that cause pelvic pain or stomach. If the cyst contains blood, the cyst can rupture and cause internal bleeding and a sharp pain suddenly. Some lutein cysts are common during pregnancy. These cysts are harmless, do not need to be removed if it does not interfere with the fetus, but requires special supervision. These cysts will shrink or disappear by itself along with increasing gestational age.
There are several types of lutein cysts, which are:
1.Granulosa lutein cysts.
Granulosa lutein cysts occur in functional ovarian corpus luteum. These cysts can be enlarged, as a result of excessive accumulation of blood when bleeding phase of the menstrual cycle and not a result of the tumor. These cysts arise at the beginning of pregnancy and can reach 5-6 cm in diameter that causes discomfort in the pelvic area. If broken, bleeding on one side of the abdominal cavity. In women who are not pregnant, these cysts will make late menstruation followed by irregular bleeding. Theca lutein cysts. Theca lutein cysts containing clear fluid and straw-colored. Theca lutein cyst associated with ovarian tumors and hormone therapy.
2. dermoid cysts.
Ovarian cysts that contain a variety of tissue types such as hair, nails, skin, teeth and others. These cysts can occur since childhood, perhaps even already brought in his mother's womb. These cysts are usually dry and do not cause symptoms, but can become large and cause pain.
3. cyst endometriosis.
Cysts are formed from endometriosis tissue (tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus) attached to the ovaries and develop into cysts. These cysts are often referred to as chocolate cysts of endometriosis because it contains blood thickens and freezes, so the brown-reddish colored. These cysts associated with endometriosis disease that causes painful menstruation and painful sexual intercourse.
4. denoma Cyst.
Cyst that develops from cells in the outer layer of the surface of the ovary, usually benign. Kistadenoma can grow to be large so that the potential for malignant and the other organs and cause pain.
5. polycystic cysts.
Here, ovarian cysts are formed containing many of the buildings that cause ovarian follicular cysts thickening caused by hormonal disorders, especially androgens (hormones that belongs to the men in large quantities. In women, this hormone normally in small amounts) excessive . This makes ovarian cysts enlarge and create a thick outside layer that can hinder ovulation (egg maturation), so often a problem of infertility (inability to have children after sexual intercourse regularly, although not using contraception within a period of at least one year). These cysts cause a decrease in menstrual cycles and infertility occur.
6. Type ovarian cysts others.
For example: germinal inclusion cysts, cysts Stein-Leventhal, ovarian kistoma simplex, and others. Most women who have ovarian cysts do not cause symptoms. Symptoms usually occur if the patient has had a cyst in a long time. Symptoms in the early stages are generally highly variable and nonspecific, namely in the form of menstrual disorders / menstruation. If it has been enlarged and pressing the rectum or bladder, may occur constipation or frequent urination. Can also occur stretching or suppression pelvic area causing spontaneous pain or pain during intercourse, even bleeding can occur. In later stages, symptoms are associated with the presence of ascites (accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity) in the abdominal cavity, so that bulging stomach, bloating, nausea, appetite disturbances, impaired defecation and urination.
Fluid buildup can also occur in the chest cavity due to the spread of disease to the chest cavity resulting in very patient feel breathless.
Some things that can encourage the formation of cysts are:
- Dietary habit. If you eat a lot of fatty foods and less fiber, then the excess fat will be hard to be broken down by the body, so it can continue with hormonal disorders.
- Likewise with irregular diet, consume additional synthetic substances in food by accident. Psychological factors, such as stress, depression.
- The pattern is influenced by stress hormones, causing an uncontrolled amount of hormone / disturbed. This has an impact on the development of cysts which depends on the hormonal, such as endometriosis and polycystic cysts.
- Genetic factors. There are some people who are genetically greater tendency to suffer from cancer. There are also people who are genetically less likely. Therefore, if the family health history there are some people who are known to have cancer, you should be alert to how to avoid the factors that can lead to cancer.
- Unhealthy lifestyles, such as lack of exercise, smoking.
- Environmental factors such as the use of talc, galactose consumption and sterilization did not have any impact on the development of this disease. The presence of cysts in the ovaries is not necessarily able to make trouble conceiving. It depends on the type of cysts and whether the ovaries are exposed to both of them or not. If only one affected ovarian cysts and the other does not, then there is always a possibility to get pregnant. The presence of cysts in the ovaries was not always interfere with pregnancy, this depends on the type and size of the cyst.